TECH SECTION

ATI Straton analyzed in our DaniReef LAB – let’s see the performance


Our new method DaniReef LAB for PAR measurement of the ATI Straton

Antefact: (this paragraph is the same for each ceiling light measured with our DaniReef Lab for explaining the working method) During the long nights spent on our forum we always wondered how could we compare PAR from different ceiling lights. Even though we had the perfect device, the Quantum Meter MQ-510 di Apogee, we always referred only to the value measured at the centre at 20 cm of distance, more or less.

The Quantum Meter MQ-510 measures the PAR, expressed in PFFD that is photosynthetic photon flux density in μmol m-2 s-1. This device is calibrated to work underwater, so if it’s in air the measured value has to be divided by 1,32 that’s the dive factor. We have to do the conversion. The values you’re going to see are correct.

Quantum Meter MQ-510

We decided to make a square base of 70×70 cm, we set 17 fiducial points where we placed the sensor Quantum Meter MQ-510 and we also made 3 lifts of 20, 40 and 60 cm for the ceiling light, in order to have the same distance from the sensor. This will allow us to create the curves which can be compared to other ceiling lights’s, all tested at the same distances. Notice that this distance is measured between the base of the sensor and the ceiling light. In reality it should be decreased of 3,5 cm that is the height of the measurement cylinder and increased by 0,5 cm that’s the dimension of the spacers that lift the ceiling light.

Quantum Meter MQ-510

In total the three measurements are made from 17, 37 and 57 cm of distance. Because they’ve been done in air they will be corrected.

PAR measurement from 17 cm of distance

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

The ceiling light has been placed on wood holders. The points that weren’t on the board have been counted in the following chart.

These are the collected values:

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

And this is the corresponding chart, we came back to the classic scale in ortder to compare similar ceiling lights.

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

The first measure considers a small distance between the ceiling light and the sensor. For this ceiling light we can see that the difference in the middle and on the sides is very low. Small peack power, but great covering. In line with what we could imagine from the desing of the ceiling light. Rememeber that the ceiling light measures 46×41 cm while our area is 60×60 cm.

PAR measurement from 37 cm of distance

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

In this step we adopted a distance of 37 cm.

Here the collected values:

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

And the corresponding chart:

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

Increasing the space between sensor and ceiling light the curve is even more complete. It decreases on the side more that we expected, maybe. The value in the middle decreases from 1612 to 743 μmol m-2 s-1.

PAR measurement from 57 cm of distance

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

At the end we adopted the distance of 57 cm.

Here the collected values:

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

And the corresponding chart:

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

With a bigger space between ceiling lights and sensor, it decreases the difference between PAR in the middle and on the sides. There’s more uniformity, but the total power decreases. The light spreads, but the central value decreases from1612 to 743 a 385 μmol m-2 s-1.

It stands out that the covering is completely uniforme.

The PAR in the middle in the different configurations

Let’s continue with our technical measurements. We can see how, in a chart, the PAR collected in the middle decrease in the three different distances of the tests.

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

Energy variation of the LED bars Philips CoralCare Gen2 depending on the distances

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

This is the most significant and most comparable data. The energy variation. We calculated the volumes of the three surfaces previously seen. It’s obvious that moving away from the ceiling light the PAR decrease, also because the light illuminates a wider space. We try to consider all the light energy in this square of 60 cm under the bar. And it’s visible that the three values of 1.333.430, 920.227 and 631.087 assume a different connotation compareed to the values in the middle. When the first ones are low because the distance is high, the subtended area, that is the energy, decreases less, because the “main part” of the lighting is in the middle. This is the theory. But the ATI Straton have a linear decrease of energy, because the LED are more distributed.

Looking at the values of the three curves it’s noticeable that on the sides there’s more light at 57 cm than at 37 cm or at 17 cm.

Value in the middle for each channel at three distances

We also measured the value in the middle of each channel in order to give you an idea of the contribute of each channel to the PAR.

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

Here the collected values:

Distance = 17 cmDistance = 37 cmDistance = 57 cm
Channel 1 UV136 μmol m-2 s-170 μmol m-2 s-135 μmol m-2 s-1
Channel 2 V179 μmol m-2 s-189 μmol m-2 s-145 μmol m-2 s-1
Channel 3 Royal Blue208 μmol m-2 s-1 96 μmol m-2 s-1 48 μmol m-2 s-1
Channel 4 Blue417 μmol m-2 s-1 187 μmol m-2 s-1 95 μmol m-2 s-1
Channel 5 Cyan145 μmol m-2 s-1 63 μmol m-2 s-1 31 μmol m-2 s-1
Channel 6 White466 μmol m-2 s-1 222 μmol m-2 s-1 113 μmol m-2 s-1
Channel 7 Red90 μmol m-2 s-1 41 μmol m-2 s-1 18 μmol m-2 s-1

The two channels that contribute the most to the PAR emission of the ceiling lights are Blue and White, the other 5 channels are pretty much similar. White and Blue alone have 883 μmol m-2 s-1 when the other 5 channels have 758 μmol m-2 s-1. That means that two channels make the 54% of the total.

Consumption

The measurement of the consumption was made possible thanks to the useful device RCE PM600 that can also measure the Cos(fi) (or power factor). The result is already given in watt.

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

Here above there’s the maximum power and below the Cos(fi).

ATI Straton analizzate nel DaniReef LAB - vediamo le performance

The ATI Straton ceiling light consumes 211 watt. Considering that at 17 cm the ceiling light has in the middle 1612 μmol m-2 s-1, we can say, in perspective, that it will have a peak value of 7,64 μmol m-2 s-1 w-1 (PAR per watt).

The electric consumption is lower that declared. There is a loss of 8%. We measured this value many times, on both the ceiling lights we had. We were more interested in the PAR than in the closeness to the data. We wanted to understand what we can breed with this ceiling lights.

The ceiling lights heat up, we read in the app 52-53 degrees, and consider that at 55 degrees in theory the ceiling light should start to dimmer its channels. You’ll discover if it’s enough very soon.

Let’s continue on page three with the costs, the comparisons with other ceiling lights and our final comment.